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The Syrian regime retook the city of Palmyra

The Syrian regime retook the city of Palmyra

The Syrian army supported by Russian ally inflicted a crushing defeat on Sunday the Islamic State group (EI) by taking him the city of Palmyra, and promised to expel the jihadist organization of its main strongholds in Syria.

This is the most important victory of the regime against the EI since the military intervention in late September 2015 in the Syrian conflict in Russia, staunch ally of President Bashar al-Assad.

Having conquered Palmyra, the prorégime forces will only remove IE from the town of Al-Alianiyé, located 60 km to the south, to regain control of the Syrian desert and move towards the border with Iraq, largely controlled by jihadists.

"The army has succeeded in his mission to Palmyra where she restores security," said the military command in a statement announcing the resumption of the old city of more than 2000 years in the center of Syria.

20 days of fighting killed 400 jihadists, "the highest death toll for the IU in a single battle since its emergence" in the Syrian conflict in 2013, according to the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights ( OSDH). 188 members prorégime perished.

Syrian state television showed images of destruction inside the Palmyra museum, theater of a terrible battle with heads of statues toppled to the ground, the ground covered with debris and a large crater in the ceiling.

According to a military source, the engineering army units began defusing dozens of bombs and mines within the ancient city.

Supported by aviation and Russian special forces and the Lebanese Hezbollah militia, soldiers launched March 7 offensive to regain Palmyra to EI which had seized in May 2015 the city and destroyed then some of its ruins UNESCO World Heritage of UNESCO.

With this success, the Syrian leadership said that "Palmyra will be the basis from which to expand military operations against the terrorist group on several fronts, including Deir Ezzor (east) and Raqa (north)," the two main fiefs of EI in Syria.

The goal is to "tighten the noose around terrorists, to cut off their supply lines and retake the territories under their control to end their existence" in Syria, he said.

A military source told AFP that the jihadists had just "retreated" from Palmyra to Sokhné, further east, as well as Raqa and Deir Ezzor.

"The jihadists were ordered to withdraw from Palmyra from their command to Raqa (north)," de facto capital of EI in Syria, told AFP Rami Abdel Rahman, director of the OSDH. But it remains "a handful of jihadis who want to continue the fight."

The fighting continued in the area of ​​the military airport southeast of the city, according to OSDH, while almost all of the inhabitants had fled the city before the entrance of the army in Palmyra.

responsible atrocities in areas under its control, and extensive destruction of heritage, Palmyra EI amputated its most beautiful temples, and those of Bel Baalshamin, destroyed with explosives. It also reduced dust funeral towers and the famous Arc de Triomphe.

The loss of Palmyra is the second major defeat of EI in Syria after the January 2015 Kobanî (north) where the jihadists had been driven by Kurdish forces supported by aviation coalition led by Washington.

On the other side of the border in Iraq, EI is also the target of a large army offensive that seeks to retake his stronghold of Mosul, the second largest city located in the North, with the using aviation and the international coalition militia.

The great powers are determined to end the EI, a ultraradical group which claimed last Tuesday in Brussels bombings (31 dead and 340 injured), four months after committing those of Paris (130 deaths).

Palmyra was one of the main battles underway in Syria, where a truce took effect there is one month between rebels and regime, allowing it to focus the fight against the jihadists who are excluded from this cessation of hostilities.

In favor of the truce, a first round of proximity talks held in Geneva between regime and opposition under the aegis of the UN to find a solution to a conflict that in five years more than 270,000 people dead and created a serious migration crisis with the flight of millions of Syrians. The UN hopes a second round around April 9-10.

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He graduated from the graduate school of the University of Krakow, he studied international law and economics at the Sorbonne. It works leading analyst in a major publication that deals with the analysis of the political situation in the various countries of the world. Professionally and interesting talks about the intricacies of international relations.